terça-feira, 27 de março de 2012
Malachi describes God's Love.
God instructs the people: You shall not bear the birthright to the son of the beloved, preferring it to the son of the despised. What God shows? That was vetoed favor one child over another. God teaches through the vetoed legislation that is denying what is right for a child. And as to what happened with Isaac and Esau? God favored Jacob? The fraternal relationship between Esau and Jacob (Was not Esau Jacob's brother?) You can determine how it is the love of God.Read and find out!
Weight of a word of the LORD to Israel by Malachi.2 I have loved you, saith the Lord. But ye say, Wherein have loved us? Was not Esau Jacob's brother? says the LORD: yet I loved Jacob,3 And I hated Esau, and made his mountains a desolation, and gave his heritage to jackals of the wilderness.4 Though Edom says, We are impoverished, but will build the desolate places: thus saith the LORD of hosts, They shall build, and I will destroy, and they shall call them The border of wickedness, and people against whom the LORD hath indignation for ever.5 And your eyes shall look, and say, The LORD be magnified beyond the border of Israel.
Little is known about this servant of the Lord, but the prophecies that Malachi delivered to the people of Israel tells us a lot!
The prophecies which were delivered by him tell us much because in them are described the way God relates to His creatures.
Another feature of the book of Malachi that is important to note are the parameters that the book allows us to trace and highlight how biblical interpretation.
Characteristic of the book
The book is a mix of questions and direct answers.
In each round of questions and responses have a central idea being examined. In this first cycle highlighted the idea is the love of God to his people Israel.
The questions and answers for this point. The 'now' of the writer and the recipients. They refer to some elements of the past, but the applicability of the teachings is for the moment that the prophet is passing this message Ex: (Malachi 1:2 -4).
In all cycles of questions and answers we find a prophecy pointing to a distant future, and that it's any consolation to those who gladly received the weight of Lord Ex: (Malachi 1:5).
To interpret the book of Malachi, we need to bail out the references in the New Testament, and quotations of certain characters that the writer does.
As we read the passage: "I loved Jacob and hated Esau," we must check the elements of the story of Esau and Jacob, without forgetting the applicability and the references made by the apostles in the New Testament.
This is our goal, find the idea that the passages looking forward.
Weight of the word of the LORD to Israel by Malachi (Malachi 1:1)
The book of Malachi contains several judgments of God rebuking the people of Israel.
The audience for this book is the people of Israel. They were the exclusive recipients of the divine message in weight.
God used the prophet Malachi to deliver a message against Israel.
Given this feature of the book is required greater care in interpretation of the messages contained therein.
It is necessary to interpret the book who observe these things, because they outline the path to a safe interpretation.
Note: The message of the book is specific to Israel, but some aspects of the message shows how God relates to His creatures. The message is specific to Israel, but the way God relates to His creatures is relevant to all men.
Through the message delivered by the prophet can understand it is based on the love of God.
"Then know, let us press on to know the LORD: his going, as the morning, is certain, and he will come to us like rain, like spring rain watering the earth" (Hos 6:3)
Israel, the target of the message.
It is the people chosen by God to make known his name to all nations. As a nation was chosen for the important mission to show the wonderful name of God to all men.
Through the people of Israel God revealed powerful salvation to all men.
Paul showed to the Christians in Rome that the people of Israel (the nation) was given to law, the worship, the promises, the patriarchs and Jesus Christ after the flesh (Romans 9:3 -4).
The choice of Israel was not to promote the salvation of individual men of this nation, ie the choice of the nation of Israel is not comparable to the mission of the church.
For God to act in a powerful way to get the people of Egypt, leading them through the desert, Israel has become known to all peoples.
The great deeds performed by God in favor of Israel became known the name of the God of Israel (Exodus 14:17 -19; Ex 15:14).
This was the mission for which the people of Israel were chosen among other nations (Deuteronomy 7:7). A man becomes a nation through the special care of their God.
"And you ran your fame among the heathen for thy beauty, for it was perfect because of my glory that I had put upon thee, saith the Lord GOD" (Ezekiel 16:14).
Israel was and remains God's people with a specific mission.
But the choice for the mission did not provide salvation to Israel (Rom. 9:6).
To achieve the salvation of God the Israelites were to believe the message proclaimed by his prophets.
And what was the message proclaimed from Moses, which is essential to individual salvation?
"Circumcise therefore the foreskin of your heart, and no more stiff-necked" (Dt 10:16)
To recap: Notice that God chose and brought Israel out of Egypt, but then, almost all those who were over 20 years ended up perishing in the desert! The psalmist portrays this framework and in Psalm 78:
"They were not estranged from their lust. They still had food in their mouths, when the wrath of God came upon them, and slew the fattest of them, and smote the men of Israel. With all this they sinned still, and gave no credit to its wonders. So consumed their days in vanity, and their years in trouble "(Ps. 78:30 -33).
God smote the desert the men of Israel. Would be chosen for salvation? No! God feriou the chosen ones who performed the important task of making known the name of the Lord.
If God's choice was to promote the eternal salvation of all who left Egypt, they would not have been consumed in the desert "... because they have not believed in God, and trusted not in his salvation" (Ps. 78:22).
God's salvation was not given to the nation, but to achieve it enough to give the people heard the voice of God: "Circumcise therefore the foreskin of your heart ..".
After this brief analysis it appears that the judgment of God pronounced against Israel by Malachi aims to rebuke the nation, since the whole nation had distanced themselves from the presence of the Lord.
So the book begins thus: "Weight of the word of the Lord against Israel ..." The ruling is specific to Israel, as it was diverted each after their own ways.
"... Also they have chosen their own ways, and their soul delighteth in their abominations" (Isaiah 66:3).
In short, Israel was chosen for the mission of making known the name of God to all people, but God's salvation comes only through faith alone Psalm 78. 22.
The reason for the weight of the Lord
It is the obstinacy of the historical people of Israel not to meet their God. Since they were taken out of Egypt, the people always wavered in his ways before the Lord.
It looked like a vicious circle: the people sinned, God rebuked them and they repented "For I know thy rebellion and thy stiff neck: behold, I still live with you have been rebellious against the LORD: and how much more after my death? "(Dt 31:27).
The weight, or the sentence of God to a particular people, it is usually given when the measure of transgression of a people is complete.
The people of Israel repented when he was in difficulty, but the book of Malachi shows a new behavior of the people against the divine message.
They no longer consider their sins, and began to question the message delivered by his prophets.
The weight of the Lord is against sinful condition and that were passed to question the Lord's message.
The people restored the captivity became more reclusive in their sins. This is why the burden of the Lord.
We found that God's message is specific to Israel and that only some aspects of the message concerns all humanity. We also found that Israel was commissioned to a task, which gives no right to salvation.
Finally, we learn the reason God declares his judgment against Israel.
God declares his love
The first five verses of the book of Malachi deal specifically with the love of God towards his people.
The book's message is for the people of Israel, but as God's love is also directed to all mankind, these five verses help us understand some aspects of love.
In the New Testament we read:
"For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish but have everlasting life" (Jn 3:16).
From the book of Malachi we extract the following statement:
"I have loved you, saith the Lord" (Malachi 1:2).
We will analyze the declaration of love that God made to Israel based on the following verse:
"Now therefore fear the Lord is with thee guard it, and do it, because there is no iniquity with the LORD our God nor respect of persons, nor taking of bribes" (2 Chronicles 19:7).
This verse tells us three truths that are unchanging. If these truths are unchanged, they are the basis for our analysis.
In God there is:
a) sin, because He is holy;
b) Respecter people;
c) He does not accept bribes (not corrupt the right).
God is holy, because no one oppresses. That is, God can not be tempted by evil "Nobody is tempted, say, I am tempted of God: for God can not be tempted by evil, nor does he tempt anyone" (James 1:13).
It is in these terms that reveal the holiness of God, despite his sovereignty, God does not oppress His creatures.
It follows that this principle refers to all, for he is no respecter of persons.Regardless of origin, race, nation, behavior, etc.. God shows no partiality. He treats everyone equally.
It is the nature of divine righteousness, justice and judgment. God does not corrupt the right of anyone, and allied to it, he is no respecter of persons.
These are truths that can not be changed. No matter the time people, people, people's behavior, why, God is no respecter of persons, and loves all men.
Just as God loves all men alike, God loved each of the members of Israel (Deut. 4:37; Deuteronomy 7:7 -8; Deut 10:15, Deut 23:5).
This is the first parameter that we use to analyze the statement of Allah: "I have loved you ...".
Just as God loved the people of Israel, he loved the world, because he is no respecter of persons. We will need this reasoning to interpret the remaining text.
The categorical affirmation of God is to Israel: "I have loved you." This statement can not be taken by a relative, or a partial way. The love of God is full as he himself says.
The complaint of a people
This was the response of the people lightly, "What you have loved us?" (Malachi 1:2).
It is plausible to question the people of Israel?
A decadent nation as a direct consequence of their sins question without even watching the great deeds of God in the past.
"Oh generation! See ye the word of the Lord: Have I been a wilderness unto Israel? Or a land of darkness? Why, then, my people say: We have determined, no more will come unto thee "(Jer. 2:31)
The declaration of love that God made the people is a response to constant complaints of the people of Israel. They constantly say, "What we loved?" With this question the people wanted it to be shown where God showed his love, as the condition of the people was miserable and depressing against other nations.
The constant complaint "In that loved us" is that it brings the divine declaration, "I have loved you, saith the Lord."
God proves his love
The question: "Was not Esau Jacob's brother? And the Lord said "gives us the essential elements to understand the love of God to man.
The fraternal relationship between Esau and Jacob emphasize the following points to be examined:
1. Esau and Jacob, sons of Isaac;
2. Both were born miraculously;
3. Were twins;
4. The birthright;
5. The language used.
You can only understand the proof of love that God has carefully after analyzing these five elements that exist in the fraternal relationship of Esau and Jacob
God promised Abraham that he would make a great nation and that it would be blessed all the nations of the earth "and will make thee a great nation, and bless thee and make thy name great and thou shalt be a blessing. And bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall be blessed all the families of the earth "(Genesis 12:2 -3).
Appeared again and the Lord promised Abraham that his seed would give the land of Canaan "And the LORD appeared to Abram and said, Unto thy seed will I give this land. And David built there an altar unto the LORD, who appeared to him "(Genesis 12:7).
So here God promised Abraham that he would do a great nation, that they possess the land of Canaan to Abraham and all the families of the earth be blessed.
But something bothered Abraham, he had no children.
He questioned the Lord: "Lord God, what wilt thou give me, if I continue childless?" (Genesis 15:2).
Abraham had his servant Eliezer of Damascus as a solution for not having a child, it was then that God promised: "... who out of thy bowels shall be thine heir."Abraham believed, and it was imputed to him as righteousness.
Why Abraham's faith was imputed for righteousness?
The explanation is simple: If Abraham believed that God is able to give you what you promised (in this case a child of her womb), it is because he believed in divine providence. As salvation is nothing more than divine providence to all mankind, Abraham was justified.
Soon after, Sarah, Abraham's wife, wanted a son by his Egyptian slave, Hagar.That was when Ishmael was born.
God again appears and reiterates its promise to Abraham, Ishmael, and he presents before the Lord, because he was old to have a son (Gen. 17:17 -18).
God fulfilled his promise and Isaac was born
But Sarah saw the son of the slave mocking his son and commanded Abraham to dismiss the slave with his son, Abraham was wary, because Ishmael, according to his conception, was his firstborn. God told Abraham: "Do not let it be grievous in thy sight because of the lad and because of your handmaid; in all that Sarah says to you, hear your voice: for in Isaac shall thy seed be called" (Genesis 21:12).
God's promise does not refer to carnal descent from Abraham, as was the case of Ishmael and the sons of the concubines of Abraham (Genesis 25:5 -6). The promise came true in the offspring from the very promise - Isaac.
God's promise concerning Isaac, not Ishmael.
The children of Abraham and Isaac would inherit the land because God promised.Would acquire it through faith? No! They were entitled to the promised land because God gave the seed of Abraham by promise.
But what about salvation? They would acquire salvation by the mere fact that they are descendants and heirs of Abraham "Not because they are descendants of Abraham are all children ..." (Romans 9:7). Inherit the promised land is the same as achieving the salvation of God? No!
The promise of salvation made by God refers to those who believe in the descendant of Abraham, who is Christ "Now the promises were spoken to Abraham and his descendants. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many, but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ "(Gal 3:16).
Paul adds: "This is not the children of the flesh who are children of God, but the children of the promise are counted for the seed" (Romans 9:8).
To be a child of promise man needs to believe in divine providence, and then be justified as was the patriarch Abraham (John 1:11 -12).
God had promised Abraham that Isaac would be called on to his descendants (Gen. 21:12). When Abraham and Sarah seemed impossible to have a son, Isaac was born.
Isaac, Esau and Jacob were born, both heirs.
Note that both Jacob and Esau had full rights of inheritance of Isaac.
When referring to the term 'inherit', we are making reference to a right field. The promise makes reference to things eternal.
We know the promise that it refers to DOWN, which is Christ, for him are blessed all the families of the earth.
"And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall be blessed all the families of the earth" (Genesis 12:3).
"Now the promises were spoken to Abraham and his descendants. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many, but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ "(Gal 3:16).
Note that the promise was made to Abraham and his seed, which is Christ, this promise is based on the gospel, because Abraham was first preached the gospel (Gal. 3:8).
The fact that they are blessed in Abraham all the families of the earth gives us to understand the basic parameters of the gospel.
Abraham believed God, and it was imputed unto him for righteousness.
We conclude that, as God is no respecter of persons, those who believe in the righteousness of God (provided and demonstrated to men), the believer will be justified as Abraham (Gal. 3:6 -9).
The promise is by grace, because Abraham did not perform any work worthy of divine justice, but believe that God could do all that promise was justified! Notice that God can accomplish much more than what we ask or think (Ephesians 3:20).
Abraham thought of his offspring when he received the righteousness of God.
It follows that the promise with respect to those who are of faith, or those who are children of God, those who have the same faith of Abraham.
On the other hand, both Esau and Jacob were sons of Abraham according to the flesh, and if the promise was by descent, they should both be children of promise.But it's not the promise (Romans 9:8).
With respect to inherit Isaac, Esau and Jacob were entitled.
With respect to the promise both needed to believe to achieve it, but with regard to inheritance, they were both right.
Regarding the right to inheritance of Abraham, nor the young Damascene, nor Ishmael could inherit (Genesis 15:2 -3 and Gen. 21:10). Note that the sons of his concubines Abraham gave this, but Isaac, Abraham gave everything he owned (Genesis 25:4 -5).
Abraham wanted in many ways an heir to represent himself, but God had promised him that a son of Sarah his wife (Genesis 17:19).
Isaac was born who became the heir of Abraham, and it was also called the seed of Abraham according to promise.
As Isaac was the only one there was no disagreement about the issues surrounding birthright. With Jacob and Esau such a discussion is different.
Esau, Jacob and Isaac were sons of Abraham, Esau, Isaac and Jacob were heirs of Abraham, Isaac was descended according to the promise, but Esau and Jacob can not say the same.
Just as Jacob and Esau were born of a barren, which shows a miracle of God, Isaac was also born. But having the right to inheritance and born of a miraculous conception does not make one a child of promise.
However, there is a differentiating factor: while Isaac was an only child, Jacob and Esau were twins. From this fact arises due to the right of primogeniture.
About the birthright law of Moses says:
"Is that on the day you inherit your children what you have, you can not give the birthright to the son of the beloved, preferring it to the son of the hated, which is the firstborn. But the son of the hated for the firstborn recognize, giving him a double portion of all that you have, because that is the beginning of his strength, is the birthright of him "(Deuteronomy 21:16).It follows that the right of primogeniture existed even before the law, but the law also instituted it, gives the parameters to run the inheritance.
First one must note that, for there is a birthright, it is necessary to have children "... you inherit your children ...". This is because there is no way to preitear the birthright when it is an only child, and this was the case of Isaac.
The firstborn is the son of the first pregnancy, and this right should not be passed as had the older brother to the youngest. It was a right arising from the birth.
Now I ask: How could Jacob God's approval to acquire the birthright of Esau?
Note that Esau and Jacob were not products of different pregnancies. They were born almost simultaneously, and a single confinement. There was no interruption in the delivery of Esau and Jacob
Jacob was born on the heel of Esau, which indicates that there was no interruption in delivery. This demonstrates that both had rights to the birthright.
It follows that if Jacob had been born a second pregnancy would be impossible for him to acquire the birthright.
But as Jacob and Esau came from the same pregnancy and born in the sequence, in this specific case it was possible to buy Jacob his birthright.
Another important factor to note when interpreting a text is the language used by the writer. Note:
"... Not give the birthright to the son of the beloved, preferring it to the son of the hated, which is the firstborn" (Deuteronomy 21:16).
Son of a loved one that refers to the father is preferred, as the son of the hated refers to that which has the right of primogeniture, but that does not have the parent's preference.
Thus we can conclude that the love of man is biased. A clear example of bias is the love of Isaac: "And Isaac loved Esau, because the game was to his taste, but Rebekah loved Jacob" (Gen. 25:28).
The love of man is sentimental. Just something that pleases you will be bringing his neighbor. The man in dealing with their peers often have a preference between them.
This passage from Deuteronomy and represents the way that man prefers one over another. For more than a love of their wives, the man when the division of property, ended up favoring the son of the woman he loved most.
In this way God instructs the people: You shall not bear the birthright to the son of the beloved, preferring it to the son of the despised. What God shows? That was vetoed favor one child over another.
God teaches through the vetoed legislation that is denying what is right for a child.And as to what happened with Isaac and Esau? God favored Jacob?
The fraternal relationship between Esau and Jacob highlight the elements listed above. All elements of this relationship is implicit: "Was not Esau Jacob's brother?".
There is a language the subject itself, there is a right that can not be denied; heirs and both were born from a single pregnancy, etc..
All considerations about the brothers Esau and Jacob leads us to understand God's love, both for Israel and for humanity.
"Yet I loved Jacob .."
When God asks the people: "Was not Esau Jacob's brother?" Is because the response of the people serves to sustain the argument follows.
The question leads us to a 'yes' for an answer. We need to consider the history that permeates the lives of these two characters, because the question of God leads us to fraternal relationship of Esau and Jacob
They were not brothers? That is, they were not born of Isaac? Both were not sons of Abraham? They were not twins? The answer is yes! Esau and Jacob were brothers.
Through this argument proves that God has always loved the people of Israel.
How? Over the previous five elements we understand how God loved Jacob
"Yet I loved Jacob .."
Jacob became the target of God's love, in spite of Esau and Jacob were brothers.
How? Because God loved Jacob?
Let the answer:
Isaac, who had a taste for game, loved Esau, because he was a man of the field and an expert hunter.
Isaac's taste and quality of hunter Esau are combined factors that influenced the love of the patriarch.
"And the boys grew: and Esau was a man skilled in hunting, man of the field, but Jacob was a plain man, dwelling in tents. And Isaac loved Esau, because the game was to his taste, but Rebekah loved Jacob "(Gen. 25:26 -27).
Isaac loved Esau Note that Isaac was the love of preference for Esau, we see a love biased.
Esau was a hunter and Jacob a quiet man who lived in tents. According to the vision and sense of Isaac, Jacob did not have the same affinities, which led him to prefer Esau
The Bible records several times declarations of love of God to his people Israel.Note:
"And because he loved thy fathers, and chose their seed after them, brought thee out of Egypt before him, with his great strength" (Deuteronomy 4:37);
"The LORD did not set his love upon you, nor choose you, because your crowd was more than all other peoples, for you you were less in number than any people: But because the Lord loved you, and keep the oath he had made to your fathers, the LORD brought you out with a mighty hand and redeemed you from the house of bondage, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt "(Dt 7:7 -8);
"Simply the LORD had a delight in thy fathers to love them, and you, their descendants, chose, after them, of all people as it is this day" (Deuteronomy 10:15);
"But the LORD thy God would not listen to Balaam; before the LORD thy God changed the curse into a blessing, because the LORD thy God loved thee" (Deuteronomy 23:5).
When reading the verses above, it appears that the love of God to the people of Israel is not equal to the love of Isaac towards their children.
The love of Isaac was the second he had a taste for hunting, since the love of God is according to his will. Isaac loved Esau because of the quality of the hunter, Israel had no quality, but God loves Israel (Deuteronomy 9:6).
Note that the declaration of God to Israel is linked to love for the patriarchs and the promise that they took place.
God loved and chose to parents the offspring of the patriarchs (Deuteronomy 4:37). There were the qualities of the people that made the love of God before the love of God to the patriarchs is the originator of the people of Israel. It follows that God was pleased to Israel and chose them because he loved them and to keep the covenant made with their parents (Deuteronomy 7:7 -8).
God reaffirms his love for Israel, saying, "Simply the Lord was pleased in thy fathers to love them;" The fact that God of the patriarchs is pleasing that gave rise to the love of God. How?
Let us return to the fact that God calls the patriarch Abraham. God told Abraham: "Get out of your country, your kindred and your father's house to the land I will show you. And will make thee a great nation, and bless thee and make thy name great and thou shalt be a blessing. And bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall be blessed all the families of the earth "(Genesis 12:1 -3).
The proposed blessing of God came to Abraham, that is, it pleased God to Abraham. Like Abraham responded to the proposal coming out of his kindred divine, God began to fulfill its proposal, which demonstrates the love of God.
"The love of God is demonstrated in holiness, righteousness and justice"
The man's love is demonstrated in personal favoritism.
Since God's love is demonstrated in righteousness. How can this be?
"Was not Esau Jacob's brother? says the LORD: yet I loved Jacob ... "
Esau and Jacob were brothers, but despite the fraternal relationship between the twins, God loved Esau
In what way God loved Jacob?
God favored Jacob over Esau? This would be love? There would be no meaning?
This is evidenced that the fraternal relationship demonstrates:
a) God is holy;
b) no respecter of persons;
c) Do not pervert the law.
Who was Jacob?
The Bible describes Jacob as a man of quiet personality. The lifestyle of Jacob was to dwell in tents.
The Bible also describes the birth of Jacob, a miracle! Rachel was barren, but Isaac conceived after having prayed earnestly to the Lord. Rachel conceived twins Jacob and childbirth left attached to the heel of his brother (Genesis 25:26).
Jacob during his youth proved opportunistic buying the birthright of his brother (Gen. 25:29 -34).
When Isaac tried to bless their children, Jacob was subtle and received the blessing that previously belonged to his brother (Genesis 27:35).
Given the history of Jacob, one can only say that God loved Jacob?
No! Why? Because God is holy and is no respecter of persons! God loved and loves all men equally.
Both Esau and Jacob were the targets of God's love.
But why the Bible says that 'God loved Jacob, "if he loves everyone? Why God does not pervert the law, and a clear example is the statement: God does not accept bribes.
Jacob has lawfully acquired the right of primogeniture, and as a result of the vested right, Jacob was 'loved' the Lord. That is, God gave to Jacob as he was right.
Answer the following questions about the statement of Allah:
• God loved Jacob more than Esau? No!
• Jacob was better than Esau? No!
• Jacob was blessed as a result of their faith? No!
• God favored Jacob over Esau? No!
In the case of Esau and Jacob does not come into vogue personal issues like qualities, moral behavior and will, before the evidence is a factor in entitlement.
God's love was revealed when it was awarded to Jacob as he was right.
In this section come into question the five elements listed at the beginning of the analysis:
• The language;
• The right of primogeniture;
• The right to inherit;
The language used by Malachi to announce the divine feeling is totally relevant to biblical language.
When the prophet Malachi passes on to the following message: "Yet I loved Jacob ..", the statement is made in a native language that sought the idea forward.
The Bible records that Isaac loved Esau, but how?
Based on personal preference! The Bible records that Isaac loved Esau for the simple fact that he like to hunt "And Isaac loved Esau, because the game was to his taste, but Rebekah loved Jacob" (Gen. 25:28).
If it were up due to Isaac's blessing of the birthright was given to Esau (Genesis 27:1 -4).
Note that prior to bless Esau, Isaac wanted to meet a personal need.
Following the same style of language, the Mosaic law shows that the love of man should not be according to personal preference "Is that on the day you inherit your children what you have, you can not give the birthright to the son of loved, preferring it to the son of the hated, which is the firstborn "(Deuteronomy 21:16).
The language used by the two verses about love points to personal preference.Thus the word 'love' has within it the idea of taste and preference.
Note that the expression 'son of the beloved' refers to that child that the father is preferred due to some taste in particular.
As the Bible records that at no time should encourage anyone who has not the right analysis of the statement: 'But I loved Jacob "must demonstrate that in God there is any kind of personal favoritism.
At no time preference or God had favored Jacob over Esau
God loved Jacob, ie, the language used and analyzed in context, showing that God granted what was right for Jacob
Man decides based on personal tastes, and God delights in what is just and right.The 'preference' of God is justice.
The fraternal relationship between Jacob and Esau was used to portray how it is established that the love of God to the people of Israel.
Remember that the divine message is for the people of Israel: "I have loved you, saith the Lord. But ye say, Wherein have loved us? ". That is, through the message delivered by God Malachi tried to demonstrate to Israel that they were under divine care because of the promise made unto the fathers "But because the Lord loved you, and to keep the oath which had your parents" (Deuteronomy 7:7 -8).
The message is simple: God does what is right to preserve the people of Israel (this is the love of God), because in no way He will come back in the oath he swore to his parents.
In reading the history of Israel, many reputed that God has always favored the people of Israel at the expense of other peoples.
But so it is not! Why? The answer is simple: God is no respecter of persons: God does not accept bribes, and He is holy.
God had promised to the fathers, who would make Israel a great nation, and through the fulfillment of this promise that shows care and love of God to Israel.
After the realization that the contact with the language used by Malachi can also convey or emphasize an idea, let us turn to the next point.
"And these things were our examples, to not crave evil things as they also lusted" (1 Cor 10:6).
"Now all this to them as examples and are written for our admonition, upon whom are come the end of the ages" (1 Cor 10:11).
"For Christ did not enter a sanctuary made with hands, the true figure, but into heaven itself, now to appear for us before the face of God" (Heb. 9:24).
To proceed in our study need to observe the warning of Paul to the Christians of the church in Corinthians.
The aim of the apostle Paul is warning Christians, but this warning in it a great lesson.
The apostle shows that those who left Egypt went through the same experiences.All were baptized in the cloud and sea, all ate the same food, all drank the same drink, but God was not pleased with most of them.
Why? For all men who left Egypt, but two could not enter the promised land? Does not everyone drank the same water and did not eat the same food? (Numbers 14:30).
What happened to the people of Israel serves as a warning to our lives, ie, 'these things were our figures in' and are written to warn, not to have incurred in errors (1 Corinthians 10:1 -6 .)
What about the people of Israel, the people it serves as a figure?
All elements that are present in the history of the patriarchs of Israel and give us messages by figures.
The fact that Israel has been under the cloud and have passed through the sea show that all were baptized into Moses (1 Cor 10:1); the fact that all eat the same food and drank the same drink is that all have become partakers of Christ ( 1 Corinthians 10:4).
Moses to build the tabernacle in the wilderness followed a figure who was the true tabernacle in heaven "was among our fathers in the wilderness the tabernacle of testimony, as he who told Moses that he did according to the pattern he had seen" (Acts 7:44).
Almost all the elements that were presented in the Old Testament contain an idea conveyed by figures.
Primogeniture has one of the most important biblical figures.
When Moses built the tabernacle, made on the basis of a model, the law did not have the exact image of things, before it was just a shadow of things to come "For the law having a shadow of things to come, and not the very image of things never with those sacrifices which they offer continually every year, can improve that they will come "(Heb. 10:1).
And what gives us the birthright? After understanding the birthright, we may check referred to this important biblical figure.
The figures refer to goods and eternal future. In these figures contains elements that makes us realize certain aspects relevant to what is permanent (eternal).
"For whom He foreknew He also predestined to be conformed to the image of His Son in order that he might be the firstborn among many brethren" (Romans 8:29).
We know that God works all things according to his purpose. God purposed to bring together all things in Christ to the praise of his grace and glory.
In speaking of the eternal purpose of converging all things in Christ the fullness of time, God spoke to King David, "I will be his father, and he shall be my son" (2 Sam 7:14). That is, God shows David what the relation between God and a descendant of David.
God establishes the relationship of Father and Son to speak of Jesus to King David. Why did God establish this relationship? Because before there world, in eternity, there was the relationship Father and Son in divinity. But, by introducing the 'Mighty God' in the human world, there is now the Parent and Child.
When in glory, we know that Christ created all things "For by him were all things created that are in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers. All things were created by him and for him. And he is before all things and all things exist through him "(Colossians 1:16 -17), but when Christ entered the world, the relationship that was established in pre-eternity, is given the order" And again, when he brings the firstborn in the world, says: And all the angels of God worship him "(Heb. 1:6).
Why it was necessary to establish the relationship of Father and Son as the 'Mighty God' was introduced in the world? "Because a child is born, a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulders, and his name shall be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace" (Is 9:6). "The rest turn to the mighty God, even the remnant of Jacob" (Isaiah 10:21).
For Christ is the only begotten of the Father, but was in God's eternal purpose to do so first-born of all creation. We know that Christ is the only begotten of God in power and glory, and this will not change throughout eternity, because to him be glory and majesty for ever and ever.
But, that Christ became the firstborn of all creation, it becomes urgent that there are brothers. There is no way there is a birthright if there is only one Son.
Here is revealed the manifold wisdom of God in Christ was made a little lower than the angels, but all things are subjected to him, and, through Christ, God brought glory to the many brethren (that's us, the church) , fulfilling the eternal purpose of Christ was the firstborn of all creation.
How? When Christ rose from the dead, He became the firstborn from the dead, and when the Christian dies and rises with Christ, also becomes one of the sons of God, and Christ vindicates the position on outstanding first-born.
Why? "For it became him, for whom are all things and through whom all things exist, in bringing many sons to glory, consecrated by the sufferings captain of their salvation" (Heb. 2:10).
Through Christ all things exist, but it was fitting that he took the glory many brothers, or begotten children of God. As a direct consequence of Jesus have introduced many children to glory, came into existence the preeminence of Christ, the firstborn from the dead: "And he is the head of the body, the church, is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, that in all have the preeminence "(Col. 1:18).
All who are in Christ, or who have died and reappeared with him, have no alternative. There will be children of God, predestined, as will be the image of Christ, with the sole purpose of Christ is the firstborn among many brethren "For whom He foreknew He also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son, so that he be the firstborn among many brethren "(Romans 8:29).
Because of these truths is that established the right of primogeniture. At first impression is that the birthright has no relation to eternal truths, but by looking at the statements of the Apostle Paul, we learn the truth: the birthright was established by God to men as a figure of eternal truths.
Therefore it is necessary to observe the fraternal relationship between Jacob and Esau, because it must consider the right of primogeniture takes place.
If we look at the birthright of the secular point of view, it is generally considered as rules pertaining to the hereditary succession, which involves duties to the family and the rights and assets.
Every time we read in the Bible that 'guy' was the firstborn, the only relationship that is established with respect to the right is the oldest to receive a double portion of inheritance.
But after we verify that figure is the birthright of spiritual concepts, changes the way you observe why the Bible stresses from the right of primogeniture.
Paul writing to Christians in Rome refers to Esau and Jacob as follows:
"And not only that, but Rebecca also conceived as one, Isaac our father, because, being not yet born, neither having done any good or bad (for the purpose of God according to election might stand, not because of works but of Him who calls), was said to her, The elder shall serve the younger. As it is written, Jacob have I loved, and hated Esau What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God? No way "(Rom. 9:11 -14).
The initial purpose of our study is to understand the arguments used by Paul to make us reach the conclusion that there is no unrighteousness with God.
Just a quotation from Malachi: "I loved Jacob and hated Esau," which many use to say that God was biased in favor of Jacob is the text that Paul uses to demonstrate that there is no injustice with God.
There is no way unrighteousness with God! This is Paul's conclusion. But how to reach this conclusion on the arguments that he used?
When Paul quotes the story of Esau and Jacob, it refers to events that occurred before birth. These events it highlights that the twins were not even born (which shows that they had not done well or badly), and God said to Rebekah that as would serve the younger.
It is true that God said to Rebekah that Esau would serve Jacob through his foreknowledge, but foreknowledge is not the basis of the election.
Likewise God's sovereignty is not the basis for the election since the election is the basis for its purpose.
No! Was by no means follows that God made known to Rebekah that Esau would serve Jacob
1, were not the actions of Jacob, who determined the love of God;
2 God is no respecter of his creatures, since he is no respecter of persons, is holy and does not accept bribes.
What are the elements that Paul uses to says there is no unrighteousness with God? Through God's divine foreknowledge said the biggest serve the least based on what was said by Malachi: "I loved Jacob and hated Esau."
Note the analysis of Paul:
"He was told to her, The elder shall serve the younger. As it is written, Jacob have I loved, and hated Esau What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God? No way "(Rom. 9:11 -14).
Based on what is written in Malachi (based on your love) is that God told Rebekah that as would serve the younger. If love is the basis, we can not consider that the sovereignty and foreknowledge of God is that it demonstrates the righteousness of God.
Why is the second love of God? For the love of God is demonstrated in justice and not on personal favoritism.
On this basis Paul concludes: "What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God? ".
Again: What elements? Note:
"(For the purpose of God according to election might stand, not because of works but of Him who calls)"
What is the purpose of God?
"What saved us and called us with an holy calling, not according to our works but according to his own purpose and grace which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began" (2 Timothy 1:9).The purpose and the grace of God are before settling times that Mensura through units of measure as tight as in the case of the 'century' Pd II 3. 8. The purpose was established in eternity and in the person of Christ Jesus. Here Paul spoke of the time when God established his purpose and by whom he has carried out such a purpose - Jesus Christ.
"Finding us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure which purposed in himself together to make all things in Christ, the dispensation of the fullness of time, both which are in heaven and on earth that are "(Ephesians 1:9 -10).
What is the purpose, or what the will of God that is revealed in Christ? God's purpose is to gather all things in Christ "... both which are in heaven and which are on earth."
For this purpose God made us pleasing to himself through Christ, our sins forgiven, and so redeemed us (Ephesians 1:3 -10).
In addition to bringing together all things in Christ, God's purpose also includes the preeminence in all things "And he is the head of the body, the church, is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, that we all have the preeminence" (Colossians 1:18).
Again we see that when Christ rose from the dead, he became the firstborn of God, since to reach the divine sonship must be born again. Only the resurrection of Christ gives this new condition to the believer.
"But the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the Spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and mourn it will light upon him as one mourneth for his only son, and bitterness for him, as if bitterness for his firstborn "(Zechariah 12:10).
The prophet Zechariah launches clarification on the two conditions relevant to Christ. In the near future Israel will look to that crucified below as follows:
a) the only begotten of God weep. This verse demonstrates the divinity of Christ!That is, weep aware that crucified the only begotten Son of God;
b) Similarly weep for his firstborn, because this is the condition that he rose from the dead.
He died on the cross the only begotten son of God! Rose from the dead the firstborn of God, because he leads to glory many brothers.
"And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld his glory, glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth. God has never been seen by someone. The only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he revealed "(Jn 1:14, 18).
"In this was manifested the love of God toward us, that God sent his only Son into the world that we live by it" (1 John 4:9).
The apostle John is emphatic when speaking on the condition of Christ:
a) The only-begotten Son revealed and made known the Father;
b) The Son was sent into the world;
c) It was possible to recognize the glory of the Father was about the only begotten.
"For whom He foreknew He also predestined to be conformed to the image of His Son in order that he might be the firstborn among many brethren" (Romans 8:29);
"He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation" (Col. 1:15);
"And he is the head of the body, the church, is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, that we all have the preeminence" (Col. 1:18);
"And again, when he brings the firstborn in the world, says: And all the angels of God worship him" (Heb. 1:6);
"And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, the firstborn from the dead and ruler of the kings of the earth. One who loved us, and his blood washed us from our sins "(Rev. 1:5).
Paul is emphatic when speaking of the birthright of Christ: He is the firstborn of all creation!
But to get the condition of Christ's firstborn, it was necessary that many brothers came to existence. How?
All those who believe in God and Christ as the scriptures say, these are born of God and become his children "Yet to all who received Him, to them gave He power to become children of God, who believed in his name: Which were born not of blood nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man but of God "(John 1:12 -13).
"Because, though he was crucified through weakness, lives, however, by the power of God. For we also are weak in him, but he will live with the power of God in you "(2 Corinthians 13:4).
The same power that brings Christ from the dead is at work in us who believe!
"And what about the exceeding greatness of his power toward us who believe, according to the working of his mighty power, Which he wrought in Christ when He raised Him from the dead, and set him on his right hand in heaven" (Eph. 1:18 -19).
The power of God was manifest in Christ at the resurrection from the dead. This is the power that worketh in us.
All these elements together make us children of God and brothers of Christ. Thus he is the firstborn among many brothers!
We saw through the verses quoted above that God approved (blessing) the purpose that had itself to converge in Christ all things. For this, the only-begotten Son was between us all "He who did not spare His own Son, but delivered him up for us all, as we will not also with him all things?" Romans 8. 32, and after the resurrection of Christ, many children were led to glory "For it became him, for whom are all things and through whom all things exist, in bringing many sons to glory, consecrated by the sufferings captain of their salvation" ( Heb 2:10).
"(For the purpose of God according to election might stand, not because of works but of Him who calls)"
But why is God's purpose according to election?
Paul was talking about how one attains divine filiation: the promise are counted as descendants of Abraham (son of God). And what was the word of promise?"By this time I will come and Sarah shall have a son", just as the word of promise was said to Rebecca, which shows God's purpose for children to be themselves.
Paul had spoken of God's purpose in a few verses earlier.
Paul had shown that all things work together for good to those who are called (those who love God) according to His purpose (Romans 8:28). They were predestined to be conformed to the image of Christ, with the ultimate purpose of Christ is the firstborn (Romans 8:29).
We have God's purpose so clear: Christ has the preeminence many children and God.
But there is one caveat to this: the purpose is according to the election!
The text demonstrates the divine foreknowledge, before Esau and Jacob said to Rebekah was born that would serve the greatest lower. But what was said to Rebekah is not based on foreknowledge and sovereignty of God. What was said to Rebekah is as it is written: "I loved Jacob and hated Esau."
If what was said to Rebekah is one conforms Malachi. 2-3 remains the conclusion: There is no injustice with God!
Please also see:
"The greater shall serve the younger" is as it is written: "I loved Jacob and hated Esau." For what shall we say? That there is no unrighteousness with God!
Why? Why on stage: "I loved Jacob .." is implied as is the love of God! That is, to understand the phrase: ".. I loved Jacob," is only possible if we consider the fraternal relationship of Esau and Jacob "Was not Esau Jacob's brother?However .. ".
The purpose of God according to election
This topic brings us to the beginning of the study.
God's election is as follows:
"Was not Esau Jacob's brother? Yet I loved Jacob and hated Esau "(Malachi 1:2 -3)
The man's election is as follows:
"And the boys grew: and Esau was a man skilled in hunting, man of the field, but Jacob was a plain man, dwelling in tents. And Isaac loved Esau, because the game was to his taste, but Rebekah loved Jacob "(Gen. 25:27 -28).
The two texts that show? That love of man is biased, according to personal preferences (taste). Isaac loved Esau because he was a hunter. Rebekah loved Jacob for him to dwell in tents and be quiet.
The love of man is prone, inclined to favor the one that most pleases you.
And how is God's choice? Based on your love!
Hence arises the three elements: God is holy, do not pervert the law and is no respecter of persons.
God loved Jacob, that is, what he did was right, giving him the birthright. Nowhere oppressed Esau for God to put the sale the birthright - Demonstrates holiness of God. At no time God chose Jacob over Esau - Demonstrates that God no one's preference. For more than Esau sought to regain their right, it was not possible - God does not corrupt the right, the tears can not bribe one that is just and right "For you know that, then when he would have inherited the blessing, he was rejected because found no place of repentance, though he sought it carefully with tears "(Heb 12:17).
Why Esau found no place of repentance? Because there is no two people share the right of primogeniture takes place.
We must not confuse Esau found no place of repentance for not having as he regain his birthright. But if he repented of his sins, would always place because the question concerning the salvation which prevails is the promise.
We discuss the language used by Malachi and the issues arising from the right of primogeniture. The next step is commenting on the right and inheritance.
"And if we are children, then heirs, heirs of God and joint heirs with Christ, if indeed we suffer with him, so that we may be also glorified with him" (Romans 8:17).
Our analysis begins with Paul's argument: "... if we are children ...". We have seen that world before there even God approved of his own purpose of establishing the supremacy of his Son, for it was introduced only begotten of the Father in the world, that after being delivered and killed for the sake of humanity, rose again and sitteth at the right hand of God.
The Son of God returned to his glory, that He had the world before there even was bringing many sons to glory of God, and achieved the status of the firstborn from the dead, as all his brothers reappear from the dead with him.
In short: the birthright comes from an eternal purpose in God.
"And if we are children, then heirs, heirs of God and joint heirs with Christ, if indeed we suffer with him, so that we may be also glorified with him" (Romans 8:17)
Our analysis begins with Paul's argument: in: "... if we are children ...".
We have seen that world before there even God approved of his own purpose of establishing the supremacy of his Son, for it was introduced only begotten of the Father in the world, that after being delivered and killed for the sake of humanity, rose again and sitteth at the right hand of God.
The Son of God returned to his glory, that He had before there world, bringing many sons to glory of God, and achieved the status of the firstborn from the dead, as all his brothers reappear from the dead with Him " And now glorify thou me, O Father, with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was "(John 17:5);
In short: the birthright comes from an eternal purpose in God.
"And he asked him a certain prince, saying, Good Master, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?" (Luke 18:18).
This rich young man when addressing Jesus was very specific in his words. What shall I do? The concern of humanity is about what should or should not do to have eternal life "They said therefore to him: What shall we do to do the works of God" (Jn 6:28).
Jesus' response is satisfactory, "Jesus answered and said unto them, God's work is this: to believe that he has sent" (Jn 6:29).
There is what man seeks to do or abstain to do that can give you the right to eternal life. To man this is impossible, but with God all things are possible.
But why the rich young man uses the word 'inherit' to refer to eternal life. Note that many other verse refers to eternal life with the term 'inherit':
"Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God" (1 Cor 6:9);
"Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood can not inherit the kingdom of God, neither doth corruption inherit incorruption" (1 Cor 15:50).
"Are not all angels ministering spirits sent to minister for those who will inherit salvation" (Heb. 1:14).
Based on these verses say that we can obtain salvation only one who acquires the right.
As seen, the birthright is a right. Jesus to rise from the dead became the firstborn from the dead (Col. 1:18).
By contrast, many brothers resurfaced with him and had the right to inheritance of the saints in light (1 Peter 1:3, Col. 1:12).
Thus we understand the placement of the Apostle Paul: If we are children, then heirs! The condition of a child gives believers the right.
"By faith he sojourned in the land of promise as in a strange country, dwelling in tabernacles with Isaac and Jacob, heirs with him of the same promise" (Heb. 11:9).
The right is that God gives Peio by faith, not works.
Note that the promise was given to Abraham and Isaac and Jacob became the heir to the patriarch Abraham.
I ask again:
God loved Jacob more than Esau? No!
Jacob that Esau was better than God? No!
Jacob was beloved of God by faith? No!
Abraham's faith in the promise made by God given rights to their heirs. Jacob was blessed to have the birthright, and not having faith in God.
How? We must have faith to attain salvation?
Explain! In Genesis we have a story of paramount importance to understand what is right and what is by faith:
"And these are the generations of Terah: Terah begat Abram, Nahor, and Haran, and Haran begat Lot And Haran died while his father Terah in the land of his birth, in Ur of the Chaldeans. And Abram and Nahor took them wives: the name of Abram's wife was Sarai, and the name of Nahor's wife Milcah, the daughter of Haran, the father of Milcah and the father of Iscah. And Sarai was barren, had no children. And Terah took Abram his son, and Lot the son of Haran his son's son, and Sarai his daughter, his son Abram's wife, and went with them from Ur of the Chaldeans to go into the land of Canaan, and came to Haran, and dwelt there.And the days of Terah were two hundred and five years, and Terah died in Haran "(Gen. 11:27 -32).
The book of Genesis lists the generations to come in Abram. The book of Genesis shows that Abraham lived in a heathen land, in Ur of the Chaldeans.
When God called Abram, he was a Gentile "And the father of circumcision to those who not only are the circumcision, but who also walk in the steps of that faith which our father Abraham, who had in uncircumcision" (Romans 4:12).
Abraham was in the midst of his kindred, when God said, "Now the Lord said to Abram: Get out of your country, your kindred and your father's house to the land I will show you. And will make thee a great nation, and bless thee and make thy name great and thou shalt be a blessing. And bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall be blessed all the families of the earth "(Genesis 12:1 -3).
Abraham had some right before God? No! But when God promised to bless him if he came out of the midst of his kindred to a land that would still be shown, there was the possibility of rights by Abraham.
When Abraham departed as the Lord will tell you, Abraham came to be eligible according to what was promised.
There was the promise from God, and then the action of Abraham to obey. With the simple act of leaving the middle of his kindred Abraham acquired perpetual rights to their offspring, since the promise included a great nation.
Later God made another promise concerning a son to Abraham, and he believed:
"And he believed in the LORD, and reckoned it to him for righteousness" (Genesis 15:6).
When Abraham went out from among his kindred, he acquired the right to an earthly possessions to their offspring. When he believed in God, he acquired a heavenly country.
So then, those who believe in Christ are partakers of the heavenly hope "So those who are of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham" (Galatians 3:9).
How in God a respecter of persons, those who believe according to the faith of Father Abraham, they are blessed.
To have faith like Abraham does not entitle anyone to promise to be a great nation, as this is unique promise to Abraham and his sons, Isaac, Jacob, etc..
It is true that we suffer with Christ (we died with Christ). It is true that we have already been glorified with Christ (as ressurgimos with Christ a new creature).Being glorified in Romans eight, seventeen, is different from the future glorification.
"... If indeed we suffer with him, so that we may be also glorified with him" (Romans 8:17).
If you are sure to suffer with Christ (even though he has risen to the bloody cross of the Romans), it follows that Jesus rose from the dead, glorified, and we ressurgimos with him (even though we have not reached the future glorification).
"And if we are children, then heirs, heirs of God and joint heirs with Christ, if indeed we suffer with him, so that we may be also glorified with him" (Romans 8:17).
As it is right that we suffer with Christ and with ressurgimos It is also true that we have the right to inheritance of the saints in light. Have the right to inheritance of the saints is possible only after acquiring the divine sonship.
The new creature is the inheritor of God and joint heir with Christ. Christ, the firstborn, and we are the brothers who have the right to inherit from God (the Light) "While ye have light, believe in the light, that ye may be sons of light. These things spake Jesus, and retreating, hid himself from them "(Jn 12:36). "Giving thanks unto the Father who made us meet to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in light" (Col. 1:12).
John exposes a truth declared by Christ: While they (the crowd) were the Christ, should believe in him, and then be children of God (light). Immediately after believing in Christ, Christians were already fit to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints.
For those who believe in Christ is not necessary to wait to be a partaker of the inheritance of the saints. Paul shows that God has made us meet. The new man is born of God and full ownership rights, which gives it an inheritance in God (.... inheritance of the saints in light).
"Therefore God, willing more abundantly to the immutability of his counsel to the heirs of promise, interposed with an oath" (Heb. 6:17).
The promise confers 'rights'. Promise and law are closely linked. There is no way to establish a promise without creating a right.
The promise is grace. It's a free gift by the person who establishes it.
"For if the inheritance is of law, it is no more of promise: but God gave the promise to Abraham" (Gal. 3:18).
The right to inheritance was freely given by God to Abraham by promise. There was no requirement or condition to be satisfied by Abraham that he be given promised.
The fact that Abraham had gone out from among his relatives, respecting the divine order, is not giving it the right to inherit from God. Before the law was given through the promise.
"Now the Lord said to Abram: Get out of your country, your kindred and your father's house to the land I will show you. And will make thee a great nation, and bless thee and make thy name great and thou shalt be a blessing "(Genesis 12:1 -2).
In the promise made by God to Abraham there is even a condition to be performed by Abraham. In the previous verses we have an order and a promise.Indeed, Abraham left his relatives and took his nephew Lot, which did not invalidate the promise.
"... Yet I loved Jacob and hated Esau"
Up to this point was considered part of the statement: "... Jacob loved ..".
We will analyze now the rest of the statement: "... and I hated Esau."
As seen so far, God is no respecter of persons, that is, He loves everyone without distinction.
God's love for Christ is narrated as follows:
"For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish but have everlasting life" (Jn 3:16).
God so loved the world, not some people in particular. God has no preference and no one does justice to all without distinction.
But, the statement: "... Esau have I hated"?
Let us analyze the phrase:
"... Yet I loved Jacob and hated Esau"
Another translation reads as follows:
"... Yet I loved Jacob, but hated Esau"
London: Trinitarian Bible Society, 7 Bury Place, WCI, 1948
How to understand the above statement?
As we have already studied, God loved Jacob, that is, God acted according to what was right even to Jacob and Esau and Jacob brothers, God has no preference for either of them before stuck to doing what was right to Jacob
Herein is revealed the love of God: He is holy, is no respecter of persons, not pervert what is right.
How to read the sentence above?
"He that loveth not knoweth not God, because God is love (...) And we have known and believed the love God has for us. God is love, and whoever abides in love abides in God, and God in him "(John 4:8, 16).
The Bible is clear: God is love! You can hate on him that there is eternal love?There are two feelings in God, love and hate?
We know that God loved the world before the world was. We know that Jesus is the Lamb of God slain from the foundation of the world, demonstrating God's love.
"The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some count slackness, but is longsuffering toward us, not willing that any should perish but that all should come to repentance" (2 Peter 3:9).
"Who will have all men to be saved and to come to know the truth" (1 Tim 2:4).
It is counter intuitive to admit that in God there is hatred. Since even before bringing the existence of his creatures, he had arranged horn of salvation for all.God's love is shown before there world.
All acts, all made solid were made in God's love. All his creatures, and no matter the condition in which they are, are targets donates love of God.
"But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that Christ died for us while we were yet sinners" (Romans 5:8).
The worst state of man before God can only reveal the immense care and love for his creatures. God is eternal love, and there is no basis to infer that God had hate someone.
Checking the translations of the Bible, is the correct one that reads as follows: "Yet I loved Jacob and hated Esau." The CORRECT sentence and one that takes the word 'upset' instead of 'hated';There is only one divine action demonstrated in the phrase: love. The phrase does not show two actions or feelings in God. God loved Jacob the same way that God loves all mankind. If Esau had the birthright, God would deal with what he was right;The second part of the sentence is a consequence of the act performed in the first part: For God loved Jacob (who was given the right to Jacob) as a direct consequence Esau was upset.
The phrase does not show that God was angry with God if Esau had bothered to Esau, the sentence would be as follows: "Niche Jacob and Esau I hated."However, Malachi shows that God loved Jacob and the act of giving what was rightfully Esau Jacob left bored.
Where there is another fact similar to Esau in the Bible?
"And Adam knew Eve his wife, and she conceived and bore Cain, and said, I reached a man of the Lord. And she brought forth again bare his brother Abel, and Abel was a shepherd, but Cain was a tiller of the ground. It happened at the end of days that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the LORD.And Abel also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of their fat: and the LORD respected Abel and his offering. But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was wroth, strongly, and flagged his countenance. And the LORD said unto Cain, Why art thou wroth? And why has your countenance flagged? If you do well, is not certain that be accepted? And if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door, and unto thee shall be his desire, but thou shalt rule over him.And Cain talked with Abel his brother: and it came to pass, when they were in the field, Cain rose up against his brother Abel and killed him "(Genesis 4:1 -8).
All aspects analyzed so far are applicable to Cain and Abel. God looked on Abel's offering and this caused a mischievous sense of Cain. Such a feeling there is so little in God and God influenced Cain to have such a feeling.
God looked on Abel and, consequently, Cain was upset. Likewise, God did what was right to Jacob, giving him his blessing, and this fact led Esau to get bored.
Compare the narrative of what happened to Esau and Cain
"But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was wroth, strongly, and flagged his countenance. And the LORD said unto Cain, Why art thou wroth? "
"And Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing wherewith his father blessed him: and Esau said in his heart: Reach will be the days of mourning for my father, and kill my brother Jacob" (Gen. 27: 41).
The blessing that God gave to Jacob gave rise to hatred in the heart of Esau Given this similarity between what happened to Cain and Esau, it appears that God has given it was entitled to Jacob, Esau became angry.
By demonstrating his love, which is according to justice, he gave what was right to Jacob and hated Esau therefore
Returning to the text of Malachi:
"I have loved you, saith the Lord. But ye say, Wherein have loved us? Was not Esau Jacob's brother? says the LORD: yet I loved Jacob, And I hated Esau, and made his mountains a desolation, and gave his heritage to jackals of the wilderness. Though Edom says, We are impoverished, but will build the desolate places: thus saith the LORD of hosts, They shall build, and I will destroy, and they shall call them The border of wickedness, and people against whom the LORD hath indignation for ever "( -5 ml 1:1)
To recap: In Malachi God announces to the people of Israel his love. Israel in turn retorts: "What you have loved us?". As proof of his love, God presents the following argument: "Was not Esau Jacob's brother? Yet I loved Jacob and hated Esau. "
A conclusive proof of God's love for Israel is the comparison between what happened with Jacob and Esau, and similarity between what was happening with Israel and what happened to the Edomites: "... and made his mountains a desolation and gave his heritage to jackals of the wilderness. "
The desolation of the Edomites was caused by God. The people who belonged to the descendants of Esau was given to the jackals of the desert and not their children.
Someone may be wondering: where is the love of God in this statement?
Note that Israel, despite their sins, still existed as a nation, and the Edomites not.
Already the Edomites were destroyed because of their sins.
What did Israel and the Edomites be treated differently before God?
The promise made by God to Abraham is the answer. What determines love (care) of God for Israel is God's promise to parents.
God had promised Abraham that he would make a great nation, and the fact that God fulfill his promise to fully demonstrates his love. If it was not God's promise made to the patriarchs, Israel would have long turned into a desolation.
God's promise is that Edom and Israel has different
What God said to Abraham? "Now the Lord said to Abram: Get out of your country, your kindred and your father's house to the land I will show you. And will make thee a great nation, and bless thee and make thy name great and thou shalt be a blessing. And bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall be blessed all the families of the earth "(Genesis 12:1 -3).
God had promised Abraham that he would make a great nation and all who cursed Israel would be cursed. What did the Edomites which eventually determine curse on them?
Near the end of the pilgrimage of the Israelites through the desert, it was necessary to the people of Israel to pass through the border of Edom. Moses sent messengers to the king of Edom asked to let the Israelites pass through his land in the following words: "And Moses from Kadesh, sent messengers to the king of Edom, saying, Thus saith thy brother Israel, Thou knowest all the work that upon us ... "(Numbers 20:41).
And what was the response of 'brothers' Edomites? "But Edom said to him: Do not pass by me, lest I come out with the sword against you (...) But he said not pass. And Edom came out to meet with many people, and with a strong hand (...) Thus Edom refused to give Israel passage through his border: wherefore Israel turned away from him "(Numbers 20:18 -21).
The psalmist reminds the behavior of the Edomites in the past "Remember, O LORD, the sons of Edom the day of Jerusalem, saying, I found it, discovered it to its foundations" (Ps. 137:7).
The prophet Ezekiel is clearer about the weight of the Lord against the Edomites:
"Thus saith the Lord GOD: Because Edom has vindictively toward the house of Judah, and hath greatly offended, and revenged himself upon them: Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD will stretch out mine hand upon Edom, and will cut off man and beast , and will make it desolate from Teman and Dedan shall fall by the sword. And will execute my vengeance upon Edom by the hand of my people Israel, and shall do in Edom according to mine anger and according to my wrath, and know my vengeance, saith the Lord GOD "(Ezekiel 25:12 -14).
There's a difference between the idea that one infers from the word of words like hate and anger, wrath and vengeance (Hebrews 10:30).
Note again the declaration of God's love:
"The LORD did not set his love upon you, nor choose you, because your crowd was more than all other peoples, for you you were less in number than any people: But because the Lord loved you, and keep the oath he had made to your fathers, the LORD brought you out with a mighty hand and redeemed you from the house of bondage, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt. Know therefore that the LORD thy God, he is God, the faithful God, which keepeth covenant and mercy to a thousand generations of those who love Him and keep His commandments.And returns in the face of any who hate doing it perish; not be late to the hate, will pay him in his face "(Dt 7:7 -9)
The text of Deuteronomy shows that Israel was chosen by God loved them, ie to fulfill the promise made to Abraham.
Someone observed that in the future the number of people who belonged to the nation of Israel would consider that God had chosen Israel to love them due to the amount of the Israelites. God demonstrates the opposite: "... ye were fewer in number than any people."
Note that the love of God is linked to attributes such as loyalty and justice. He made a covenant with Abraham, and the faithfulness of God results in mercy.
Pride might climb to the hearts of the people if they considered that the wealth they acquired was the result of individual effort. God warns:
"And thou say in thine heart, My power and the might of mine hand hath gotten me this wealth. But remember the LORD thy God, he is what gives you power to get wealth; to confirm his covenant which he swore to your fathers, as at this day "(Deuteronomy 8:17 -18).
All that the people of Israel would gain the right was the result of God's love, which is established according to the covenant with Abraham.
They acquired the land promised by the promise made to Abraham, and not through acts 'fair': "You know, because it is not because of your righteousness that the LORD thy God giveth thee this good land to possess it for thou art obstinate people "(Deuteronomy 9:4).
The love of God to the people of Israel is based on the following terms:
"Then was kindled the anger of the LORD against his people, insomuch that he abhorred his inheritance. And he delivered them into the hands of the Gentiles: and they that hated them ruled over them. Their enemies oppressed them, and were humbled under their hands. Many times he delivered them out, but they provoked him with their counsel, and were brought low for their iniquity. However, regarded their affliction, when he heard their cry. And he remembered his covenant, and repented according to the multitude of his mercies. Thus, also made them the mercy that had held them captive "Psalm 106. 40 to 46.
The people of Israel to complain about God not atinavam who were complaining of their own sins. This is because the afflicted had provoked the wrath of God, and were "... killed by their wickedness" (Psalm 106:43).
The cause of Israel has not been consumed and always left a remnant of the people is because God has not forgotten his covenant.
"He remembered his covenant, and pity, according to the greatness of his love" (Ps 106:45).
"And your eyes shall look, and say, The LORD be magnified beyond the border of Israel" (Malachi 1:5).
This verse ends the first round of questions and answers.
It is characteristic of the book of Malachi submit a statement to the prophetic future of Israel at the end of each cycle of questions and answers.
From verse 1-4, Malachi refers to the present time the people. Already verse 5 refers to a future in which the people of Israel shall they see the Lord.
This feature of the book of Malachi makes the book contains little prophetic utterances and complementary to the main message. Characteristic that differs totally from the other prophetic books.
Observe the relationship that exists between the verse 5:11:
"For from the rising of the sun to its setting is great among the Gentiles my name, and in every place will offer incense to my name, and a pure offering: for my name is great among the Gentiles, saith the LORD of hosts "(v. 11).
"And your eyes shall look, and say, The LORD be magnified beyond the border of Israel" (v. 5).
The two verses refer to Israel's future and speak of the condition will be established between God and the Gentiles.
We'll talk about these prophecies in an upcoming review.
Summing up the declaration of love that God made to Israel.
There were the actions of Esau and Jacob determined that the love of God is true that God's love embraces all men, as he does justice to all.
God is no respecter of his creatures, because:
a) He is no respecter of persons;
b) It is holy, and;
c) God does not accept bribes, or does not corrupt what is right.
After the analysis presented, be warned: reading the Bible we must learn the language used by writers. Old Testament quotations in the New Testament must be interpreted according to the basic idea presented in the Old Testament.
• The promise, and;